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The PINF Index of Independent News Publishing in the UK represents the first time that the UK’s independent news publishing sector has been surveyed in this way. The index is modelled on the US Institute for Nonprofit News’ annual INN Index, launched in 2018. Comparisons between the two indexes show that a far greater proportion of the funding of non-profit publishers in the US survey comes from philanthropists.  


The research for the PINF Index was carried out by Clare Cook and Dr Coral Milburn-Curtis of the Media Innovation Studio at the University of Central Lancashire (UCLAN).

The PINF Index is based on the INN Index, created by the Institute for Nonprofit News (INN), which has been run annually in the United States since 2017. 

PINF is very grateful for the support of IMPRESS and ICNN in promoting the survey to their members.


Participation in the Index consisted of completing an online survey with information about your news organisation.


The PINF Index 2021 survey is now closed. Thank you to all who participated.


The PINF Index 2021 surveyed:


  • Professional providers of public interest news that produce primarily text-based reporting;


  • Operating in the United Kingdom;


  • Either print or online;


  • With an annual turnover below £2 million.


See further information in our FAQs below. 


Note: this scope may be revised in future years.


The online survey opened on 17 February 2021 and closed on 17 March 2021.


Findings were published in July 2021.


For questions about the content of the survey, please contact Dr Coral Milburn-Curtis (


For any other questions, you may contact